Builder - Role and Contribution of Ramesses II.

Ramesses ii battle of kadesh relief

In 1274 BCE, Ramesses II (The Great) of Egypt led his forces against the Hittite army, under King Muwatalli II, at The Battle of Kadesh.Both sides claimed victory and the conflict resulted in the world's first peace treaty, The Treaty of Kadesh, signed in 1258 BCE.

Ramesses ii battle of kadesh relief

We will consider briefly one of the best documented battles of the ancient world, Ramesses II and the Battle of Kadesh. We have more accounts of this battle than any other from ancient times. It was carved on numerous temple walls. History states that Ramesses led 20,000 infantry into Syro-Palestine and fearlessly fought and defeated 40,000 Hittites (according to Egyptian inscriptions.

Ramesses ii battle of kadesh relief

King Ramesses II fight against the Hittites in Syria (Battle of Kadesh), concludes a peace treaty with them, and marries to a Hittite princess; He also builds many new temples and restores old sanctuaries; King Merenptah defeats the Libyans and their allies, the Sea People; King Sety II: civil war with Amenmesse; Last ruler is Queen Tausret; The new kings are the Twentieth Dynasty; Nineteenth.

Ramesses ii battle of kadesh relief

Ramesses II storming the Hittite fortress of Dapur. The Battle of Kadesh in his fifth regnal year was the climactic engagement in a campaign that Ramesses fought in Syria, against the resurgent Hittite forces of Muwatallis.The pharaoh wanted a victory at Kadesh both to expand Egypt's frontiers into Syria and to emulate his father Seti I's triumphal entry into the city just a decade or so earlier.

Ramesses ii battle of kadesh relief

Ramesses the Second, also known as Ramesses the Great, was born within the 19th Dynasty in 1303 and was one of the most significant pharaohs of Egypt. His father Seti I, governed the empire for around eleven to fifteen years until Ramesses came to power in 1279 at the age of twenty-five. Reigning for sixty-seven years Ramesses became recognised for the vast amount of colossal structures built.

Ramesses ii battle of kadesh relief

Ramesses II earnt himself the title of 'The Great Pharaoh' through his building of many monuments, temples and colossal statues. He was a prolific builder, and erected more buildings and colossal statues than any other Egyptian king. It was a role that he prided himself in very greatly, apary from that of being a warrior Pharaoh. with his reign lasting over 60 years he had more time to devote.

Ramesses ii battle of kadesh relief

S on of Ramesses II and one of his wives, maybe queen Isetnofret. His name spells differently like his great grandfather. First Officer of his father. Present during the triumph after the battle of Qadesh, and the siege of the Syrian city of Dapur in year 10. He probably died before regnal year 30. Buried in KV5, where two of his canopic jars were found. His tomb was inspected in year 53.

Ramesses ii battle of kadesh relief

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Ramesses ii battle of kadesh relief

Within a short time, Kadesh once again became part of the Hittite Empire, and Ramesses II would have to make another failed bid to claim it for Egypt. Seti I attacks the town of Kadesh in Syria Despite these military setbacks, the pharaohs of the New Kingdom should be given credit for their accomplishments.

Ramesses ii battle of kadesh relief

Less well recorded than his son, Ramesses II's later campaign at Kadesh, Seti I's earlier campaign against this city state may, however, have been more successful. Again, Seti I records this battle on the exterior north wall of the Hypostyle hall in the Temple of Amun at Karnak. Here, situated between two towers of the fortress located on a hill surrounded by various plants is the inscription.

Ramesses ii battle of kadesh relief

Relief was at hand, when the second army that had traveled by boat, arrived and fought of the now disorganized Hittite forces. The enemy withdrew and took to Kadesh. Ramesses gathered his armies, and returned to Egypt, where he declared the clash a victorious battle, adorning walls of all major temples with valiant scenes from the conflict.